Defense Innovation Report: Applying MIT’s Innovation Ecosystem & Stakeholder Approach to Innovation in Defense on a Country-by-Country Basis

Dr. Phil Budden, MIT Sloan School of Management Prof. Fiona Murray, MIT Sloan School of Management, MIT Innovation Initiative May 2019 Reference: Government actors in the innovation space play a range of roles: these are in large part determined by the dynamics of each nation’s state ‘system’ of agencies, the wider ‘ecosystem’ in which they operate and their specific organizational mandate. Some agencies play more than one role at the same time, and many operate at different stages of the innovation lifecycle. As the analysis in the report illustrates, there is therefore no simple ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution for defence innovation nor for all defence agencies. Various countries are experimenting with their established practices for defence innovation (by adapting the state’s formal ‘system’ or creating new agencies and missions within it to tap the wider ecosystem) and many if not all have a significant number of different agencies and units whose collective role is to meet today’s defence innovation challenge: namely to build and maintain defence capabilities while recognizing that that cannot be done simply through internal innovation activities.